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    海南冼夫人文化节

    海南冼夫人文化节


    来源:中国民俗文化网   文章作者:佚名  点击次数:

        闹军坡是海南人特有的风情习俗。较大的军坡庙会有梁沙婆祖军坡、万宁龙滚芋头军坡。军坡节时,村中都要选一个较大的场地来“装军”演戏,贩售土特产。
             
        军坡分“公期”和“婆期”,主要是祭祀祖先和历史人物的民俗活动。乡村的“公期”和“婆期”时间不一致,各自供奉神主也不同,一般以一乡或一村为单位,每到公期或婆期的军坡节,村民必大搞祭祀,扛供奉的公祖婆祖巡村,请亲朋好友来家中作客,不论是认识与否,只要过了门的就是客了,招呼十分热情,甚至胜过春节年饭。村中组织来的舞狮舞灯队到各家中去拜祭,敲锣打鼓,热闹非常。入夜,各家各户凑份子请戏班剧团来上演琼剧,连续几晚,大过戏瘾。这时期,婆祖巡游、道士跳神舞、装神穿腮等举行一些独具海南的地方特色,富有神秘色彩的民俗活动,让人大开眼界。
             
        一般认为,“闹军坡”是为了纪念冼夫人。
             
        据海南冼夫人文化网介绍:海口市龙华区新坡镇是冼夫人的故事广为流传的地方,千百年来形成了历史悠久、影响深远的"闹军坡"活动。每年农历二月初六至十二,新坡镇就热闹起来了。海内外感念信仰冼夫人的民众不辞跋涉之苦,从四面八方赶往新坡"闹军坡",以纪念这位杰出的政治家、军事家和伟大的爱国主义者。1990年,当地政府参与引导改造"闹军坡"活动,使内容更加丰富多彩,当年吸引游客10多万人次。此后,每年农历二月初六至十二的"闹军坡"活动,便成为岛内最大的民俗活动之一,影响遍及海内外。
             
        今人陈雄记载:"1981年,来新坡墟闹军坡的人不少于15万人次,大小汽车有数千辆次,车辆在距新坡坡墟梁沙婆庙(冼太夫人纪念馆的前身)12公里处就无法行驶。新坡墟14口水井全部用干,所燃鞭炮,以车计算……1990年,军坡节期间同时举办了商品交易会,各类商品摊点达300个以上。军坡活动几天时间,交易额超过150万元,相当于全镇一年内商品交易总额……2001年农历二月军坡庙会7天之内,20多万人拥入新坡,欢天喜地闹军坡,虔诚叩拜冼夫人……" 
             
        冼夫人(522-602),南北朝时高凉郡(今阳江、电白、高州一带)人(今电白县山兜丁村人),梁高凉太守冯宝妻。这位杰出的政治家和军事家文武双全,韬略高超。在中央王朝(自汉元帝始)放弃了对海南岛的实际统治权580年之后,冼夫人奏请梁武帝在海南设立崖州,恢复对海南岛的实际统治。并接受皇帝任命,亲自主持海南岛归属中央政权的重建工作。冼夫人身逢乱世,历梁、陈、隋三代,而维护国家统一、民族团结的决心不变。从冼夫人建议设立崖州到她的孙子冯盎总管海南3州12县止,将近110年时间,海南政局稳定,经济繁荣。作为南越俚僚(黎族)首领,冼夫人身体力行,促进民族团结。长期以来,在民族团结方面,做了许多好事。在治理如今的两广地区和海南岛期间,冼夫人惩治贪官,平定叛乱,鼓励农耕,发展生产,开创了安定团结的大好局面,世世代代深受两广地区和海南人民爱戴景仰。
             
        由于冼夫人为海南及整个岭南的发展,为民族团结和国家统一作出了卓越贡献,周恩来总理称她为"中国巾帼英雄第一人"。2000年,江泽民总书记在高州视察冼太庙时,赞誉冼夫人是"我辈后人永远学习的楷模",指示要发扬

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