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    西藏风马旗艺术

    西藏风马旗艺术


    来源:中国民俗文化网   文章作者:佚名  点击次数:

        在祖国的西藏高原上,在四川、青海、甘肃、云南的藏族聚居区以及尼泊尔、锡金、不丹、克什米尔等邻邦,人们随处都能见到一串串、一丛丛、一片片以经咒图象木版印于布、麻纱、丝绸和土纸上的各色小旗。这些方形、角形、条形的小旗被有秩序地固定在门首、绳索、族幢、树枝上,在大地与苍穹之间飘荡摇曳,构成了一种连地接天的境界。

        这一面面小旗,藏语称“隆达”,也有人称之为“祭马”、“禄马”、“经幡”、“祈愿幡”,不过,人们更习惯称它为风马旗,因为“隆”在藏语中是风的意思,“达”是马的意思,显然,风马旗在这里是直译。

        和西藏一切有形与无形的艺术一样,风马旗的创作与传播,也首先是受宗教意念驱使并为之服务的,它是僧俗信众精神世界与神灵交通的一种媒介物。

        生辰吉日与年节庆典时张挂五彩

        风马旗,象征着天、地、人、畜的祥和;牧民们在刚搭好的帐蓬上系拴风马旗,是为了求得逐水草而迁徙的福佑;朝圣者跋涉荒漠扛着醒目的风马旗,为的是祈求旅途平安;江畔湖边人们遍插风马旗,显示着对水神的敬畏;生活于莽林峻岭间的人们高悬风马旗则是对山神的供奉。前后藏地区的人们喜欢在房顶与门首挂风马旗,这是对人畜兴旺时运亨通的企望。在金沙江两岸,我们可以看到一处处以整匹整幅棉布印成的巨型风马旗,层层叠叠、密密麻麻地覆盖于风水宝地,一任东西南北风的吹拂,犹如无数僧众日以继夜地诵颂着真经。

        甘肃、青海藏区还有在隘口与山顶放飞纸风马旗的习俗。适逢正月,寒风劲吹,纷纷扬扬的风马旗雪片般飘入云端娱悦天神。

        风马旗还有一项不易见到的功能,即遇有活佛尊者圆寂,家家户户须将房顶上的风马旗置放倾斜,以示致哀。 


        在祖国的西藏高原上,在四川、青海、甘肃、云南的藏族聚居区以及尼泊尔、锡金、不丹、克什米尔等邻邦,人们随处都能见到一串串、一丛丛、一片片以经咒图象木版印于布、麻纱、丝绸和土纸上的各色小旗。这些方形、角形、条形的小旗被有秩序地固定在门首、绳索、族幢、树枝上,在大地与苍穹之间飘荡摇曳,构成了一种连地接天的境界。

        这一面面小旗,藏语称“隆达”,也有人称之为“祭马”、“禄马”、“经幡”、“祈愿幡”,不过,人们更习惯称它为风马旗,因为“隆”在藏语中是风的意思,“达”是马的意思,显然,风马旗在这里是直译。

        和西藏一切有形与无形的艺术一样,风马旗的创作与传播,也首先是受宗教意念驱使并为之服务的,它是僧俗信众精神世界与神灵交通的一种媒介物。

        生辰吉日与年节庆典时张挂五彩

        风马旗,象征着天、地、人、畜的祥和;牧民们在刚搭好的帐蓬上系拴风马旗,是为了求得逐水草而迁徙的福佑;朝圣者跋涉荒漠扛着醒目的风马旗,为的是祈求旅途平安;江畔湖边人们遍插风马旗,显示着对水神的敬畏;生活于莽林峻岭间的人们高悬风马旗则是对山神的供奉。前后藏地区的人们喜欢在房顶与门首挂风马旗,这是对人畜兴旺时运亨通的企望。在金沙江两岸,我们可以看到一处处以整匹整幅棉布印成的巨型风马旗,层层叠叠、密密麻麻地覆盖于风水宝地,一任东西南北风的吹拂,犹如无数僧众日以继夜地诵颂着真经。

        甘肃、青海藏区还有在隘口与山顶放飞纸风马旗的习俗。适逢正月,寒风劲吹,纷纷扬扬的风马旗雪片般飘入云端娱悦天神。

        风马旗还有一项不易见到的功能,即遇有活佛尊者圆寂,家家户户须将房顶上的风马旗置放倾斜,以示致哀。


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