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    台湾的民间年俗

    台湾的民间年俗


    来源:中国民俗文化网   文章作者:佚名  点击次数:

        春节,是我国人民的传统节日。美丽的宝岛台湾与祖国大陆血肉相连,息息相关。台湾过年的民间风俗,跟祖国大陆基本相同,但也有其独特之处。
      围炉 在台湾,大年夜全家大小,围坐在放有火锅的圆桌上一起聚餐,叫做“围炉”。参加“围炉”的人,不论大小,桌上的每样菜都得下筷子。平常滴酒不沾的妇女,也要象征性地喝一口酒,以讨吉利。“围炉”时桌上的每样菜都是很有意思的:鱼圆(丸)、肉圆取意“三元”,象征团圆。萝卜,台湾和闽南一样叫“菜头”意为“好彩头”有吉兆之意。全鸡的“鸡”,台湾语谐音“家”即“食鸡起家”。一些油炸食物,因为经过油煎火炸,以示“家运兴旺”。蚶,台湾诘解作“胖”。吃蚶,取意“发财发福”。“围炉”进的蔬菜,也不用刀切碎,洗净连根煮熟后,吃时也不咬断,而是从头到尾,慢慢地吃进肚里,以祝父母长寿。“围炉”时,如果家里有人外出,来不及赶回,也要突出一个席位,把这个人的衣服放在空位上。表示全家大小对他的思念。
      走春 “走春”,是台湾民间对“拜年”的一种俗语,至今仍很盛行。走春的人每到一家,彼此都说些吉利话,主人都会拿出以朱红色木盒或九龙盘盛的糖果,并端甜茶,热情招待,表示主客之间的亲密。客人告辞离去时,主人和客人向对方的孩子互赠红包。
      吃长年菜 新年春节里,台湾同胞有一种吃长年菜的习惯。所谓长年菜,其实就是那种茎叶很长,带有苦味的芥菜。今日台湾,人们的各种活动,迷信色彩比较重。他们认为这种菜,叶长,丝长,象征命长。有的人在煮时还故意加上一些长长的粉丝,说这样绵绵不断,吃了可以长生不老。一般人都知道,蔬菜具有吸油的功能。新年春节里,大鱼大肉,油油腻腻的,吃点蔬菜不仅可以解油,而且还能调剂胃口。所以,台湾同胞新年春节里吃“长年菜”的习惯,是一种很符合科学的饮食之道。
      避债戏 过去,台湾过年时,民间有这样一项别开生面而又富有人情味的节目——“避债戏”,就是大年三十晚上,一些寺庙演戏。那些欠有别人债款而年前又无法还清的人,为了躲避债主上门催债,便偷偷地跑到庙前的“避债戏”台前“看戏”这时,如果讨债或收账的人,硬是闯到“避债戏”台下来找人要钱的话,不仅会惹起“公愤”,而且必遭“群打”,讨个没趣。这台戏,从除夕一直演到新年的早晨。这样,那些躲债的“看戏”者,也就可以安然无恙地回家“欢度”新年了。这一习俗,如今在台湾民间的一些乡村里仍然保持。


    ·上一篇文章:清明节
    ·下一篇文章:苏州民间习俗




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